The most important announcement related to the 2015’s achievements was Peru’s inclusion in the list of the 10 countries that reduced hiv’s mortality rate faster between 1990 and 2013, a list that was published by the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA). The other 9 countries that are included in this list are Honduras, Jamaica, Cape Verde, Burkina Faso, Thailand, Rwanda, Burundi, India, and Cambodia.
For 2016, Peru has set as one of their most important objectives the start of the 90-90-90 goals which aim to achieve that 90% of the people with hiv know their diagnosis, that 90% of them receives antiretroviral treatment and that out of that percentage receiving treatment, 90% has an undetectable viral load. At this very moment, only 50% of the people who have hiv know their diagnosis and consequently, not everybody receives antiretroviral treatment and it is still difficult that the people who receive treatment have an undetectable viral load.
Similarly, Peru wants to reduce the percentage of mother-to-child transmission from 4 to 0% as it has been achieved in Cuba.
Regarding the trans community, in 2016, the Ministry of Health will promote a plan focused on trans population in Lima and Callao, which encompasses an investment in medical care facilities that will provide differentiated health care.
It is important to highlight the approval of the Multisectoral Plan for the Prevention and Control of Sexually Transmitted Infections – STI and hiv 2015-2019 intended to foster the access to promotion, prevention, attention and comprehensive treatment services for people with hiv in a local, regional and national level.
As to the indigenous communities, the Ministry of Health and the Binational Border Development Plan between Peru and Ecuador will work together to strengthen the prevention and hiv control actions through a cooperation agreement with a investment of 462,300 nuevos soles until 2017.
Finally, it is proposed to update the Standard of Care to TARGA adults, so as to include the recommendations given by the World Health Organization that state that the viral load number is irrelevant to start the hiv treatment and that everybody should be able to start their treatment as soon as possible.