Each year, thousands of women representatives from Governments and activists from around the world gather at the headquarters of the United Nations (UN), in New York, in order to participate in the Commission on the status of women (CSW), which is dedicated to the promotion of gender equality. The Commission currently examines progress after 20 years of the Declaration and the platform for action of Beijing, a commitment made by the Member States in 1995 for the advancement of women.
Latin America was also present at this event, which undoubtedly helps to promote equality of gender in all women equally, regardless of age, social group or ethnicity.
“The important thing for us is that there is a systematic violation of human rights in Mexico. There are disappearances of women and girls, there is girls trafficking by organized crime and drug trafficking and that has to stop,” said Dali Angel with great concern, an indigenous Zapotec from Oaxaca in Mexico, who is also member of the Organization mujeres indígenas por Ciarena. “We have seen in the final document that indigenous women are not reflected, even when we have been participating and influencing in the United Nations for many years.” She concluded.
On the other hand, Ingrid Gálvez, representative of Asociación Go Joven Guatemala, said that “the situation of adolescents, young women and girls in Guatemala at this time is alarming. We have more than 800 femicides per year (…) This is a problem that marks the history of the country, young women and their development.”
Sexual orientation is one of the large debts of the Commission on the Status of Women (CSW). It is still a taboo subject. In Mexico and many other Latin American countries, there is still much discrimination against sexual minorities. However, there are positive aspects that are worth highlighting as, for example, Mexico City has showed great advanced in terms of equal marriage and the reform of the civil code to make the change of gender identity.
“We came here to demand that there are no more setbacks of the human rights of women in the country. In 15 years more than 8,000 women have died violently and there’s still impunity (…) Said Giovanna Lemos, representative of the Guatemalan group of women members of the network of non-violence against women.
In summary, the concern for the development of women in Latin America is a subject that grows every day. There are countries like Peru where women enter each day to the informal economy, there are not agendas for women in general, and much less for the indigenous women.